Buy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand

Buy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand

The Sparkle Whitening unit uses botanical ingredients rather than hydrogen peroxide or even other sulfurous chemicals, and also LED light, to increase the whitening process. The process of making use of this item is actually identical to the GLO Scientific research kit, along with a gel that goes in to trays that after that suit your oral cavity (Buy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand).

An additional quite successful tooth whitening service for those folks along with extremely sensitive teeth. Regrettably, this creates it a bit challenging to utilize. Despite this, the device does operate. You make use of the item twice a time for 15 mins, as well as after a few weeks,. Shine Whitening is actually not as efficient as Peak 3D bits or even the GLO Scientific research package, however it carries out not injured, even though you possess incredibly vulnerable pearly whites.

Realities and plan the Luster Whitening Absolutely No Peroxide Teeth Whitening Body: Type: Applicator along with distinct LED lightKit: Applicator, 2 tubes of gel, LED lightUsage: Pair of 15-minute requests, two times every dayCourse of treatment: 30 daysExtrinsic tarnish removalActive Elements: Salt bicarbonate, potassium sorbate, salt fluoride, aloe vera and also lavender extractions The Groom+ Type crew wasn’t pretty certain whether this trains as a kit, however it performs much the very same thing as the other products on our checklist, and also it is a great deal more hassle-free to use.

You paint the gel onto your teeth, let it dry out and remain on your teeth for 15 minutes, rinse and you are actually done. There is actually no recommended span of procedure; you need to view a whitening result in as well as it may use be whenever you have a very hot day or even a large conference.

Much more facts on the Polar Teeth Whitening Pen: Style: Pen applicatorUsage: Quick application, after that 15 minutes before rinsingCourse of treatment: Initial improvement observed in a full week or much less and also helpful for touchupsIntrinsic and also extraneous tarnish removalActive component: Hydrogen peroxide With whitening strips, holders as well as other devices all claiming that they’re the absolute best treatment for discolored teeth, you may wonder why plenty of whitening toothpastes perform the marketplace also. Buy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand.

Buy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand

Crest’s 3D White Radiance is really more than only toothpaste; it’s a two-step. Two times a time, you the that totally washes your teeth and mouth. After that without washing, you clean with the that polishes your teeth and also corresponds to the things they use to wash your pearly whites in the dental practitioner’s office.

The combination isn’t as enjoyable as the tasting tooth pastes on the pharmacy rack, however it’s excusable. It’s, as well (Buy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand). A terrific answer for those that are certainly not in a surge to bleach their teeth, or for folks who are intending to keep white colored teeth, after a pearly whites whitening operation.

A lot more essentially, the distinct whitening gel with peroxide lets the unit does a far better project than normal “whitening tooth pastes” which simply possess an unpleasant mixed in. You’ll discover that a lot of whitening tooth pastes cheer up pearly whites by a color or two maximum, but the Peak unit can arrive, with regular usage as time go on.

Buy  Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second HandBuy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand

That suggests 3D White Shine can easily along with their front faces. Peak’s whitening tooth paste system is actually less expensive as well as calls for a lot less time than various other pearly whites whitening remedies, and are going to brighten most teeth almost as effectively as long as the mix and also gel are used effectively for the long-term. Buy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand.

to examine the Rate on Amazon. * This is a great item when it is actually not sold out. A lot more pricey than the AuraGlow, however a premium versionbuy the GLO Science if it is actually accessible and you possess the funds, or even the AuraGlow is going to certainly not let you down!When you go to the dentist for teeth whitening procedures, there is a really good possibility the method will definitely entail gel holders as well as light-activated units.

Buy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand

The pearly whites whitening device is at first a little frustrating to use, yet you. Initially, you apply the lip balm supplied in the package, at that point place a slim level of the whitening gel onto the front of your pearly whites with the consisted of brush. Transform on the mouth piece, placed it into your mouth and quash it as you would certainly on a sports mouth protector until the lightings on the tool shut off eight mins later.

The heat energy and LED light inside the mouthpiece “speed up” the whitening action of the hydrogen peroxide that is actually included in the gel. You will devote 32 mins every day on a procedure. This 32 minutes is actually divided in to 4, 8-minute sessions between each session you wash out your mouth and also mouthpieces as well as administer a brand new layer of the G-Vial gel.

The mouth piece is actually powered through a console which is actually charged beforehand as well as put on around your back so you can move easily throughout the treatment. Reviewed to the 3D strips, the length of the treatment is absolutely an and also (), with the final whitening effect a little premium. GLO says it may whiten teeth typically (which possesses a great ring to it) and also is actually possibly certainly not too much coming from the fact.

If price is just one of your main points to consider, you’ll intend to browse through the AuraGlow Whitening Kit which is next on our list. Truths and plan the GLO Scientific Research Brilliant Personal Teeth Whitening Tool: Type: Powered applicatorKit: Applicator, 10 pipes of gel, power adapter, demanding dock, USB cableUsage: Four eight-minute applications per dayCourse of procedure: 3-5 daysIntrinsic (spots listed below the area of the tooths’s enamel) and also external stain removalActive Active ingredient: Hydrogen peroxideMoyeni Merely True White Pearly Whites Whitening Marker Package.

The Groom+ Type Group was almost certain whether this thing certifies as a kit, yet it carries out similar trait as the various other products on our listing, and also it is actually a lot easier to use!The gel inside the whitening pen is actually created coming from all-natural ingredients with, so there is actually no ache for those with.Simply, you repaint the gel onto your teeth, allow it rest for 20 minutes, and after that rinse out and also brush.

Buy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand

For a fast repair on the go, that are going to bleach pearly whites gradually. Eventually your pearly whites lighten if you use it daily, of program, the procedure will certainly be actually even more quick. Our team do not assume this product is actually as effective as the packages positioned over it, however they are all created for certain opportunity durations while the perk of the.The pen is undoubtedly worth considering if you carry out certainly not intend to bother with racks, bits, and also gel.

markets at-home pearly whites whitening kits that make use of exclusive substances to deliver guaranteed results, without sensitivity, in just 10 moments each day. The internet site promotes Snow invested numerous years and also greater than $2.3 million going through study as well as growth, all of which concentrated on developing “a definitely cutting edge product that just operates much better than anything else we’ve observed on the marketplace.” Compared to other systems, Snow’s Teeth Whitening kit takes advantage of an LED-filled oral cavity tray that links into any sort of electronic unit and accelerate your end results.

And also they profess their whitening gel can possibly do each of this without making use of unsafe chemicals or creature screening. Promotion With each other, the companyfounded in 2015 and somewhat had through NFL superstar Rob Gronkowskipromises to supply the greatest pearly whites whitening results cash may acquire. Should you turn into one of their more than 150,000 around the world supporters, though? How carries out Snow contrast to various other whitening systems, and which possibilities will supply the very most value? Let’s begin through aiming on every little thing their set has.

Later, you’ll paint the business’s proprietary whitening product onto each pearly white, comparable to repainting your nails. Snow includes a modern mouth tray along with their system, which uses trademarked LED switching on technology to release ultra-safe wavelengths of light they point out are going to assist lighten pearly whites faster without damaging your oral cavity or physical body in any sort of way (a lot more on this later).

Credit Scores: Snow Whitening, Inc. All you need to carry out is link the device to any kind of computer system or even smart device and also comfortably insert right into your oral cavity. Coming from there, you’ll maintain it in spot for between 10 as well as thirty minutes, relying on your desired degree of whitening. Your last action is to disconnect the LED holder, remove coming from your oral cavity, and wash both the rack and also your mouth.

Buy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand

Matched up to Snowfall’s current version, the soon-to-be-released device uses the exact same proprietary whitening solutions however features a space-saving design that nicely establishments each element in your bathroom. It is actually likewise travel-friendly if you need to lighten on the go. The greatest technical variation is their brand-new oral cavity holder, which features dual-light technology; a blue LED for qualified whitening, joined a reddish LED for removing gingivitis-causing microorganisms and also combating declining gum pipes.

When billing (additionally cordless), the Snowfall internet site markets it self-sanitizes and gets rid of 99.9% of bacteria. Here is Snowfall’s All-New device, which provides a number of brand new modern technologies as well as a space-saving style, and is presently accessible for pre-sale. Credit Scores: Snow Whitening, Inc. Eventually, Snow’s forthcoming set features a mobile application that provides you the option to prepare targets and also track the shade modifications in your teeth, while gaining perks and free of charge products.

Buy  Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second HandBuy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand

Nevertheless, they do not specify any one of their components. Our team got to out to client service, that quickly replied: “Our experts make use of a proprietary serum, yet the active elements include hydrogen and also carbamide peroxide, as properly as sodium bicarbonate. Stamina assortments from 8-12% for routine and 16-19% for maximum durability. International versions do not use hydrogen peroxide due to country standards.” Do the active ingredients in at-home whitening kits commonly provide the exact same stain-fighting power as a treatment coming from your dental professional? It goes without saying, they inform our company, “Our results could be reviewed a lot more to a $500-1000 dental professional treatment, at a fraction of the expense and also performed in the convenience of your property.” The short solution? Possibly not.

Mark Burhenne, “Professional whitening gel often tends to become more powerful then at-home whitening gel.” In various other words, going back to our whitening write-up above, they commonly consist of greater peroxide portions (30%+) reviewed to at-home sets (normally 10-20%). Snowfall tells our team there are no adverse effects connected to their Teeth Whitening device as long as you observe the included strategy of 930 minutes each day for in between 21 and 30 successive days.

In addition, they promote their lotions don’t induce sensitivity, do not injure polish, and do not consist of dangerous chemicals. In our short article regarding opting for a whitening unit, our team disclose that one of the most common peroxide-related edge impact disclosed through customers is level of sensitivity, specifically if the gel makes its own method onto the gum tissues. Certainly not all customers experience it, though.

Buy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand

Buy  Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second HandBuy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand

The Snow Teeth Whitening comprehensive kit offers for $150, with the newer version currently on call for pre-sale at $299. Three, 6, or nine-packs of whitening serum fill up sticks (2 ml each) are going to cost you between $25 and also $75. One, pair of, 3, and also six-packs of max-strength refills (4 ml each) are actually on call for between $25 as well as $65.

Freight is charged in the course of check out as well as Snowfall ships from Arizona to greater than 195 countries around the world (Buy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand). Ad The business backs their whitening packages along with a 100-percent outcomes assure and a five-year manufacturer’s warranty. Nonetheless, their Return Plan page, you can not help make a yield or acquire a refund: “We provide an one hundred% results guarantee, not an one hundred% money-back warranty.

All refunds are given out as an installment plan (gift memory card). The one hundred% leads guarantee implies our company may replace your whitening cream if you are unhappy along with your whitening end results.” You may call consumer solution at (480) 470-6184, although as our team described above, the only option our company were actually provided was actually to leave behind an information.

Buy  Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second HandBuy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand

According to a 2017 report by NPR, at-home pearly whites whitening stands for a $ 3.2 billion field, thus there are great deals of possibilities to select from if you’re in the marketplace. When comparing each one of these competitors, perform you automatically require to pay out more for a set like Snowfall that includes an LED-illuminated oral cavity tray? Nevertheless, you will likely spend $400+ over the training program of a year if you utilized their unit intermittent month for 21-30 times at once, as pointed.

Buy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand

Buy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand

Snow is a leader on the house pearly whites whitening market. The exclusive whitening formula is praised for managing to erase also the toughest stains without causing sensitiveness. SHORTCUTSProfessional-quality teeth whitening at homeOver 500,000 delighted customersSuperior results without triggering sensitivityHelps eliminate tough coffee and also red or white wine stains30-days refund guaranteeSnow makes teeth lightening handy with no office visits, uneasy strips, or unpleasant application.

The Snow procedure is actually an LED-activated pearly whites whitening unit that targets all kinds of spots. This features those caused through a glass of wine, tea, coffee, and tobacco. The patent-pending light-accelerated innovation creates no side impacts, as the wavelengths are actually certainly not damaging. It is FDA-approved, enamel-safe, and also doesn’t induce level of sensitivity. You don’t need to have any kind of dental practitioner gos to or prescriptions to carry out the procedure coming from the comfort of your very own property.

Buy  Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second HandBuy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand

Snowfall also rejects to examine on animals. There are actually 2 sets to pick from. The contents of each must last for over 90 applications. Permit’s break down what they have as well as exactly how to decide on the very best one for you. This package is Snow’s best-known product, with the help of which they obtained their popularity.

The All-in-One kKt from Snowfall consists of: a wired LED mouth piece,3 whitening wands,1 extra-strength whitening stick, anda cover guide. The mouthpiece is compatible with the Snowfall app, thus you may handle exactly how deeply you desire to whiten your teeth. Buy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand. It includes a wire that lets you connect to USB, apples iphone, and other smart devices.

Buy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand

It might be actually noticeable, however the most significant variation in between the 2 packages is actually the wireless function. Over 3 million were spent on experimentation, bring in brand-new functions possible. The contents of The Wireless Charging At-home Pearly Whites Whitening Package include: a cordless LED mouth piece, a docking terminal,3 whitening sticks,1 the greatest toughness whitening wand,1 desensitizing lotion, lip treatment, USB cable television, andan instructions.

The final component makes it possible for the treatment to become gotten used to your demands. It systems immediately, therefore all you have to perform is actually activate it on the app. The mouthpiece is water-proof. This implies you can safely use it in the shower. What’s additional, it sanitizes itself while demanding. There is likewise a red-light therapy option for your periodontals.

Depending on to study, it aids: eliminate micro-organisms, lower tooth level of sensitivity, strengthen blood stream flow in the gums, prevent receding gum lines, boost bone tissue thickness, andminimize post-whitening irritation. The docking station features an unnoticeable layout, clients frequently match up the way it seeks to a bluetooth speaker. Besides sanitizing as well as demanding the mouth piece, it additionally functions as a penholder and also traveling situation for your product wands.

Results are guaranteed to be actually noticeable after 7 times of use. The packages are actually simple to use correct out of package, thus basically any individual can easily lighten their teeth with Snowfall products. Here is an overall guide: Safe forThose along with dental crowns, bridges, as well as veneersTeeth along with fillingsPregnant womenBreastfeeding momsSensitive dentitionAdditionally, they transport their items worldwide, thus your site will not confine you.

Buy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand

It is highly recommended that you clean as well as floss your pearly whites before carrying out the therapy. Oral cleanliness aids eliminate any food items debris and also pollutants (Buy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand). This enables even protection of the product. You wish all surfaces of your teeth to be brightened!Moreover, cavity enducing plaque as well as microorganisms, which in some cases get caught between the product and the teeth, make it more probable for you to experience tooth degeneration or even other oral concerns.

This action is actually not needed if your teeth doesn’t typically react to temperature or pleasant or even tough foods items. It not simply minimizes level of sensitivity but likewise strengthens the pearly white enamel. The formula is additionally packed along with minerals and vitamins. If you decide to make use of the making less sensitive cream, do this 15 mins just before the whitening session and afterwards rinse.

Make use of either the normal or even extra-strength whitening product, relying on the end results you yearn for. Twist the stick to obtain the item out. You could have to do this up to 30 times when you to begin with utilize it. The brush tip are going to aid you use the lotion. Visualize you are coating a white colored picket fencing (Buy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand).

If you get it on your periodontals wipe it off the most ideal you can. A small amount won’t injure, however the product was actually developed for pearly whites merely. The wireless LED tool possesses a “shake to wake” function. Right here are the overall instructions for this feature: Shake once to transform it on.

Buy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand

A 3rd opportunity for the gum therapy. Drinking it 4 opportunities are going to put it to rest. You can easily additionally download the app to customize your procedure. When you are actually carried out, put the illumination back in to the holder. If you have actually the wired mouth piece as an alternative, just link it around your phone to activate it.

Maintain it in for 9 to 30 minutes daily, 21-30 times in a row. If you happen to experience some sensitivity, take a 1 to 3-day break and proceed the procedure later on. It is actually finest to administer your treatments prior to going to sleep. By doing this they do not interfere along with consuming or even alcohol consumption.

The wireless kind is going to self-sanitize while asking for. Establishment your whitening wands in the fridge after utilizing all of them. This can easily help them keep their strength over a longer time period. The sets consist of a source for months of uses, so it’s a great tip to take the most effective achievable care of your products.

The body can be actually reviewed to a professional procedure costing $five hundred-$ 1,000. For a considerably lower rate you may do this coming from the convenience of your very own home. You may purchase your Snow whitening kit precisely their site, but it is actually also offered on Right here is actually an overview of just how much Snowfall whitening items currently price: ProductPriceAll-in-one set$ 199Wireless billing package$ 299Extra stamina refills$ 49Add-on for delicate teeth$ 25Serum refill wands$ 25There are also repayment options for those who don’t intend to be actually out the funds all at once – Buy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand.

Buy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand

Buy  Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second HandBuy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand

This are going to take place automatically and no bills will definitely be actually sent out, so you may merely enjoy your items. There is actually also a 30-day money-back assurance as well as a 5-year service warranty on electronics. It holds after you trigger it on the Snow internet site. SHORTCUTSProfessional-quality teeth whitening at homeOver 500,000 happy customersSuperior outcomes without creating sensitivityHelps eliminate difficult coffee and white wine stains30-days cash back ensure Authorization Dental allows commission coming from 3rd party providers.

After finding social networks swamped with people going crazy about how awesome the Snow Pearly white Whitening unit is, I possessed to discover. One that integrates all the very best items of pearly whites whitening as well as overlooks all the bad ones? Yeah, certain (Buy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand). If you are actually a powerful believer that just about anything also good to become correct is specifically that, below’s a teeth whitening body to verify you incorrect.

Snowfall is likewise extremely affordable, at lower than 1/10th the rate of qualified whitening at the dental practitioner. Additionally, Snow Pearly Whites Whitening carries out certainly not induce level of sensitivity. You may have your ice lotion as well as consume it as well! Or is actually that covered? Regardless, you can easily possess each when your pearly whites may not be befalling from blasts of chemical therapies that white strips typically contain.

Honestly,. The LED ignited mouthpiece speeds up the whitening from the gel on your pearly whites leading in a lot faster, much longer long-term and a lot more efficient whitening without leading to sensitiveness. The LED illumination allows you to make use of Snow for a much shorter duration of opportunity along with the exact same whitening impacts contrasted to various other devices.

Buy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand

These are genuine, overdue Snowfall consumers’ reviews/before and also after teeth whitening photos accepted our team within the last one month. These are actually genuine, unsettled Snow customers’ reviews/before and also after teeth whitening pictures submitted to our company within the final thirty days. Awesome product !! Just one that has worked with me! And no sensitiveness!! AMAZING!! Procured this feeling quite skepitcal (Buy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand).

Buy  Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second HandBuy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand

Passion it !!! Greatest amount of money I have actually spent on a doubtful product. Ultimately one thing that truly lives up to its insurance claims! I have actually been using this and would highly recommend, I have actually found a difference after 4 times I like this item! I have only used it 3 times simple to use as well as no level of sensitivity…, I also forgot to use the after item for the gums the first 2 opportunities! …

It does exactly what they stated it would certainly carry out, yes to every little thing!!!! I was actually rather cynical yet I am actually extremely impressed after 2 usages today. “The very best teeth whitening device for vulnerable pearly whites” “Take teeth whitening to the following level with an at-home package that equals a visit to your neighborhood friendly dental professional.” “Pair of friends talked about how white my pearly whites cared for using this set merely two times!”.

When you purchase the Snowfall whitening body, you acquire the complying with in every package: Product sticks LED holder Shadow resource that assists you track your progression Directions on exactly how to make use of the systemGetting began along with Snowfall is actually quick and easy, as well as the resource will certainly walk you through every little thing you require to know on just how to make use of the whitening device.

Buy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand

Buy  Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second HandBuy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand

It doesn’t measure up to a few of its own guarantees, but it’s still an advantageous assets if you’re trying to find whiter teeth, as well as is far better than a lot of various other whitening items available. The Snow is actually relatively simple to use. Comb your pearly whites just before you begin. Administer the serum to your teeth meticulously, being sure you get even coverage.

After 10-30 moments, take out the holder and rinse your pearly whites. Repeat this process over the next times and also full weeks. This method corresponds to some various other whitening items. However the serum and LED lightweight exposure produce it different than many various other strips and racks. But various does not consistently suggest far better.

Pearly white were actually noticeably whiter after just a few days of utilization. And with stretched use, there was significant development. Yellow teeth, although not powder snow white colored, were actually visibly whiter. It took a little bit longer than Snowfall guarantees, but the unit performs ship results rather promptly.

Permit’s face it. A number of the absolute most addictive refreshments and also behaviors are actually not the most effective for our teeths. The good news is, if you desire white teeth, you do not must state adieu to coffee, soft drink, desserts, herbal tea, red or white wine, and also smoking given that there are several teeth whitening sets to decide on from (we still highly recommend that you kick the cigarette smoking behavior for apparent explanations). Pearly white whitening is a $ 3.2 billion around the world field.

Buy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand

Luckily, if you intend to conserve loan, there are actually numerous helpful kits that you can easily use in the home. There are actually basically pair of sorts of sets: ones that bleach your teeth to take discolorations off as well as ones that physically remove the blemishes. Triggered charcoal powders have actually become quite well-liked over the last few years.

Whitening racks and strips have been the standard for years and also normally count on carbamide or even hydrogen peroxide. There is a 3rd style of pearly whites whitening product that just blasts your teeth along with LED lighting. Having said that, experts spoken with due to the Wirecutter say any kind of increases from this procedure are actually brief. Simply the SmileDirectClub system in our manual utilizes this innovation, however it is utilized along with a whitening gel.

Pregnant or even nursing females ought to certainly not use peroxide-based whitening items. It likewise isn’t appropriate for little ones under 14 years outdated. Buy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand. And, you ought to not utilize peroxide for longer than pair of weeks of day-to-day usage without the direction of a dental practitioner. The FDA performs certainly not encourage making use of any whitening gels with a peroxide focus of greater than 18%.

You need to have to become careful using whitening products, as Individual Reports clarifies. For occasion, if your dark pearly whites are actually due to the organic thinning of tooth enamel that features aging, whitening packages will certainly not aid you. Also, they may not bleach fillings, dentures, veneers, crowns, or even caps. Pros say that whitening packages are risk-free when utilized as pointed – Buy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand.

Buy Snow Teeth Whitening Kit Cheap Second Hand

For that reason, about a week before you begin your whitening regimen, use a tooth paste primarily designed for folks along with delicate pearly whites or one that develops up polish. And, bypass a time or even two of making use of if you carry out experience level of sensitivity. The British Dental Journal has actually released new study that claims there wants scientific evidence to prove the cosmetic and health and wellness perks of turned on charcoal tooth pastes as well as particles, as well as that they might trigger tooth decay.